Saturday 24th of June 2017

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Research projects about adoption.

Seeking “Red Thread Families” for Adoption Research Study

A Chinese adoptive parent and certified school counselor is looking for Chinese adoptees between the ages of 16 and 21,and their parent(s), to participate in a doctoral research study entitled, "Daughters of China: An Examination of the Home, School, and Community Experiences of Young Adult and Adolescent Chinese Adoptees". The goal of this study is to give a voice to this older group of adoptees by providing them an opportunity to share their experiences from their own perspective.


Volunteers will participate in an individual session during which they will complete a brief demographic survey, a self-concept assessment, and a personal interview regarding their experiences growing up as Chinese adoptee. In addition, one parentand one educator will complete demographic surveys and participate inseparate interviews. Each participantwill be presented with a $25 Amazon.com gift certificate as a token of appreciation for their time. All information obtained through this research will remain completely confidential,and participation is voluntary. This research has been approved by The Institutional Review Board of Western Connecticut State University in Danbury, Connecticut.

If interested, contact Margie Aldrich at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

or 203-240-0458 for more information.

Information about China provided by American Adoption Agencies

Dear FCC Families,

My name is Anita Andrew.  I am a China specialist at Northern Illinois University and the parent of two daughters adopted from China.  I am researching the type of information American adoption agencies typically present to their clients about China.  I originally attempted to contact agencies directly about this topic but few responded.  I hope you will help me. 


I have created a survey for parents about your agency's efforts to educate you about China for the adoption trip and for raising a Chinese child in America.


The survey will only take a few minutes of your time.  Please note: I will not use your name, your child’s name, or the name of the adoption agency in my study.

The survey is available online through Survey Monkey: https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/Y5W78NV


Thank you for your help!


 Anita M. Andrew, Ph.D.

Associate Professor of History (China)

Northern Illinois University (DeKalb, IL)


Asian Adoptee Language Acquisition Study

Department of Speech Pathology & Audiology
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Phone: (780) 492-5980
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

I am currently conducting a series of studies on speech-language acquisition in children adopted from China and other Asian countries. The objectives are (a) to establish growth curves for vocabulary and speech sound acquisition over the first two years following placement and (b) to determine the nature and extent of language delays, if any, that persist beyond the early years. The ultimate goal is to develop guidelines for speech-language pathologists and other professionals to interpret the speech and language abilities of young children adopted from China. The first study involves a longitudinal language development survey, accessible on my web page (see below). I am looking for parents of children between the ages of 9 and 42 months (3 1/2 years), who were adopted from China or another Asian country in the past 12 months. A similar study conducted with children from Eastern European countries has been included on the eeadopt website for the last couple of years.

The survey itself and complete instructions are available at http://www.rehabmed.ualberta.ca/spa/phonology/LDSurvey.html.

Background and Rationale:

I am a professor and chair of the department of speech pathology and audiology at the University of Alberta. I am also the mother of a daughter adopted from China. My primary research and teaching interest is children’s speech and language development and disorders. I have published research in refereed professional journals and some of my previous research was funded by the National Institutes of Health. Over the past several years, I have become increasingly interested in the speech-language acquisition patterns of children adopted from China. In my position, I have often been approached by concerned parents with questions about speech and language acquisition. Parents want to know whether or not their child is acquiring English at a normal rate and, if not, whether they should take a “wait and see” approach or seek professional services such as speech-language therapy or early intervention.

The biggest obstacle to answering these questions is that we simply don’t know much about the nature and course of speech-language acquisition in internationally adopted children. They represent a highly unique learning situation, with (for most) loss of first language exposure and onset of second language exposure occurring abruptly and simultaneously. And this frequently occurs at a critical time for speech-language development – late infancy and early toddler years. There are a couple of published reports on children adopted from Romania in the early 90’s, and a handful of more recent studies on children from eastern European countries. But I know of no comparable large group studies focusing on the speech-language abilities of children adopted from China. Anecdotal and personal experience suggest that most (but certainly not all) children begin talking within several months following arrival in the U.S. (if not before) and are indistinguishable (in terms of their speech and language skills) from children born and raised in the U.S. within one or two years. However, some children do not acquire English within this time frame and may require speech-language therapy.

Speech-language pathologists currently have no normative data available for interpreting the performance of our children on speech-language tests, especially during the early years post-placement. Instead, they are left to compare their performance to that of monolingual English-speaking children born in the U.S. (obviously an unfair comparison) or to make subjective judgments based on past experience and anecdotal evidence. Thus, there is a critical need to collect normative data in order to develop guidelines for determining whether a child’s language skills are within normal limits or significantly delayed relative to their peers (that is, other children adopted from China). As a first step toward the establishment of such normative data, the “Language Development Survey: Children Adopted from China” will follow the vocabulary and speech sound acquisition of a group of children over the first year or two following placement.

It would not be surprising if our children had a high incidence of speech-language delays/disorders, given the lack of stimulation in the orphanages, developmental delays in other areas, and the abrupt switch from Chinese to English. Studies of children adopted from Romania in the early 90’s found that although about 20% thrived, 60% had long-term problems, and 20% showed little or no improvement. I don’t believe that this will be the case with the children from China, who are generally in much better physical condition and typically placed at a younger age. A more recent study by Miller and Hendrie (June 2000 issue of Pediatrics) stated that 43% of the Chinese adoptees in their sample had language delays. But it is important to recognize that they did not study persistent language delays. Most (88%) of the children were evaluated less than two months post-placement, too early for them to have had much exposure to English. It is not surprising that they would not perform at the same level as American-born peers exposed to English from birth. Miller and Hendrie themselves state that the long-term effects of the various medical problems and developmental delays found in the Chinese adoptees they studied are unknown, but suggest that they may be at risk for problems such as hyperactivity, attention deficit disorder, learning disabilities, and persistent language delays as they enter the school years. Our survey will follow children longitudinally until they reach three years of age. Those who continue to exhibit delays (relative to test norms based on American-born age mates) will be followed until four years of age. A second survey aimed at a cross-sectional group of older children (3 to 8 years of age, home at least one year) is currently being developed. In addition to determining the incidence of persistent speech-language problems, we will attempt to identify any unique patterns of speech or language difficulties in this group.

For further information contact: Karen Pollock,
Department of Speech Pathology & Audiology
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Phone: (780) 492-5980
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The survey itself and complete instructions are available at http://www.rehabmed.ualberta.ca/spa/phonology/LDSurvey.html.

Statistical Information on Adoptions from China

There has been very rapid growth in Chinese adoptions into the U.S. Using immigrant visa numbers reported by the State Department as a tally, the numbers are shown below, note that this breakdown is by U.S. government fiscal year, ie, from September to September. Since 1985, there have been a total of 67,842 adoptions from China to the US.

adoptions from China to the U.S. graph

This graph shows where in China adoptions are taking place. This is from the New York FCC chapter. The two sets of bars show data from 1995 and 1996.

adopted children by province

This map presents the information from the New York FCC database for 1995, but superposed on a map of China, so that you can see the geographical distribution of adoptions in China. Statistical Information on Families with Children from China

Statistical Information on Families with Children from China

FCC presently has over 100 chapters, and many are producing newsletters. The total membership in FCC is now estimated to be over 3,000 families. Contact information and a map showing FCC chapter sites is also available.

Birth Mother Letter Project

My thanks to all who have so kindly contributed to this project with letters, supportive comments, and interest. I have received 75 letters at this time (mostly from Adoptive Moms, one from an Adoptive Dad, and 3 from Adopted Daughters). Letters are being organized and analyzed for content, publishers are being contacted and considered, and efforts are being made to work with Xinran Xue from The Mothers' Bridge of Love to include letters from Birth Mothers in China (in response to some of our letters). In order to account for all submissions, if you did not receive an email confirming receipt of your letter, please email me right away (esp. those who submitted letters during the first 2 weeks of March, 2005).

I have created a yahoo group list for contributors to the book project. The URL is http://groups.yahoo.com/group/birthmotherletterproject/.

Respectfully, Silvia Echevarria Doan, Ph.D.

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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